How to Set Up Headlamp in minikube with Dex OIDC Authentication

    In this tutorial, we’ll walk through the process of configuring Headlamp within a Minikube cluster while utilizing Dex for OIDC (OpenID Connect) authentication. This tutorial is based on Dex version 2.38.0, Minikube version v1.31.2, and Headlamp version 0.22.0.

    Configuring Dex

    To enable OIDC authentication in your Minikube cluster, you’ll need to configure Dex. Before proceeding, follow the getting started guide to set up your Dex instance.Follow these steps to configure Dex:

    1. Create a Dex configuration file. The following example demonstrates a basic configuration file for Dex, containing a static client, connector, and static password.


    issuer: <YOUR-DEX-URL>
      type: sqlite3
    - id: example-app
      - 'http://localhost:8000'
      name: 'Example App'
      secret: ZXhhbXBsZS1hcHAtc2VjcmV0
    - type: mockCallback
      id: mock
      name: Example
    # Let dex keep a list of passwords which can be used to login to dex.
    enablePasswordDB: true
    - email: "[email protected]"
      # bcrypt hash of the string "password": $(echo password | htpasswd -BinC 10 admin | cut -d: -f2)
      hash: "$2a$10$2b2cU8CPhOTaGrs1HRQuAueS7JTT5ZHsHSzYiFPm1leZck7Mc8T4W"
      username: "admin"
      userID: "08a8684b-db88-4b73-90a9-3cd1661f5466"
    1. Start Dex with the following command:
    dex serve dex-config.yaml

    Setting up Minikube with the Dex OIDC Configuration

    To configure Minikube for Dex OIDC integration, follow these steps:

    1. Run the following command to start Minikube with the necessary configuration options:
    minikube start -p=dex \
    --extra-config=apiserver.authorization-mode=Node,RBAC \
    --extra-config=apiserver.oidc-issuer-url=https://<YOUR-DEX-URL> \
    --extra-config=apiserver.oidc-username-claim=email \

    Minikube start

    Note: Replace <YOUR-DEX-URL> with the actual URL of your Dex instance and <CLIENT-ID> with the actual client ID.

    Configuring a ClusterRole Binding for the OIDC User

    Once your cluster is operational, you need to configure a cluster role and a cluster role binding for the Dex user. This step is essential for enabling the Kubernetes API server to identify the user. In this example, we’ll be associating the user with the predefined cluster-admin Role.


    kind: ClusterRoleBinding
      name: admin-user-clusterrolebinding
    - kind: User
      name: [email protected]
        kind: ClusterRole
        name: cluster-admin

    Create the cluster role binding by running the following command:

    kubectl apply -f clusterRoleBinding.yaml

    Configuring kubectl for OIDC User Authentication

    Once you’ve set up your cluster and created a ClusterRoleBinding, it’s time to configure kubectl to work with your OIDC user for authentication. Follow these steps:

    1. Install the oidc-login plugin with krew by executing the following command:
    kubectl krew install oidc-login

    OIDC Login Install

    1. Set Up oidc-login, Configure oidc-login with the necessary parameters by running the following command:
    kubectl oidc-login setup --oidc-issuer-url=https://<YOUR-DEX-URL> \ --oidc-client-id=<CLIENT-ID> \

    OIDC Login Setup OIDC Login Setup

    1. Create OIDC User for the Cluster, later this user will be mapped to the dex cluster.
    kubectl config set-credentials oidc-user \ \
      --exec-command=kubectl \
      --exec-arg=oidc-login \
      --exec-arg=get-token \
      --exec-arg=--oidc-issuer-url=<YOUR-DEX-URL> \
      --exec-arg=--oidc-client-id=<CLIENT-ID> \
      --exec-arg=--oidc-client-secret=<CLIENT-SECRET> \
    1. Link the User to the Cluster: To associate the user with the cluster, create a new context by running the following commands:
    kubectl config set-context dex-oidc --namespace=default --cluster=dex --user=oidc-user
    kubectl config use-context dex-oidc
    1. Test the Configuration: To verify that the configuration is working, list the namespaces in the cluster by executing the command:
    kubectl get ns

    Upon running this command, a new browser window will open, prompting you to log in. Once you’ve completed the login process, you can close the window. You should see the namespaces in your cluster.

    Setting up Headlamp with Dex OIDC Authentication

    To configure Headlamp, you can use the Headlamp Helm chart. Follow these steps to set it up with OIDC(OpenID Connect) authentication:

    1. Before setting up Headlamp add http://localhost:4466/oidc-callback to the redirectURIs in the Dex configuration.

    2. Create a values.yaml file and add the following OIDC configuration to it:

        clientID: "<YOUR-CLIENT-ID>"
        clientSecret: "<YOUR-CLIENT-SECRET>"
        issuerURL: "<YOUR-DEX-URL>"
        scopes: "email"

    Replace <YOUR-CLIENT-ID>,<YOUR-CLIENT-SECRET>,<YOUR-DEX-URL> with your specific OIDC configuration details.

    1. Save the values.yaml file and Install Headlamp using helm with the following commands:
    helm repo add headlamp
    helm install headlamp-oidc headlamp/headlamp -f values.yaml --namespace=headlamp --create-namespace

    Headlamp install

    This will install Headlamp in the headlamp namespace with the OIDC configuration from the values.yaml file.

    1. After a successful installation, you can access Headlamp by port-forwarding to the pod:
    kubectl port-forward svc/headlamp-oidc 4466:80 -n headlamp
    1. Open your web browser and go to http://localhost:4466. Click on “sign-in.” After completing the login flow successfully, you’ll gain access to your Kubernetes cluster using Headlamp.

    Headlamp access Headlamp access Headlamp access Headlamp access


    In this tutorial, we’ve explore the process of setting up Headlamp within a Kubernetes cluster, integrating it with OIDC (OpenID Connect) authentication provided by Dex. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you’ve successfully configured Headlamp to enhance your Kubernetes cluster management.

    This setup allows you to benefit from Headlamp’s user-friendly interface and advanced features, all while ensuring a secure and streamlined authentication through Dex. With the power of OIDC, you can easily and safely access and manage your Kubernetes resources.